P0451 - EVAPORATIVE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM PRESSURE SENSOR RANGE/PERFORMANCE

POST UPDATED IN August, 2021

Description of DTC code P0451 Generic

The Evaporative Emission Control System (EVAP) is intended to prevent fuel vapors from escaping into the atmosphere. To do this, it uses valves and tubes and sends the fuel vapors in the tank to a carbon container where it is temporarily stored. Then, under certain engine operating conditions, the EVAP system directs fresh air through the carbon canister, discharging the fuel vapors to the engine for burning.

The Engine Control Module (ECM) controls the EVAP system.

The EVAP makes a test to determine if the system pressure increases and decreases as expected. It also checks whether the system maintains pressure when sealed, using a pressure sensor.  If the ECM detects an unexpected pressure reading, the diagnostic code P0451 OBDII is set.

Symptoms of fault code P0451 Generic

  • The malfunction indicator light (MIL) lights up.
  • Fuel efficiency drops slightly.
  • You can smell the gasoline.

Causes of OBD2 P0451 Generic

The reasons for setting the DTC code P0451 OBD2 are

  • The fuel cap may be misplaced or not tightened properly.
  • Evaporative emission control system (EVAP) lines or hoses in poor condition.
  • The EVAP pressure sensor may be defective.
  • The fuel tank pressure relief valve may be blocked.
  • The charcoal container could have cracks in it.

Possible solutions of the DTC code P0451 Generic

When faced with the fault code P0451 OBDII, you must take into account the following:

  • Check the fuel cap, make sure it's tight. If not, you must change it.
  • Inspect all EVAP system tubes and hoses for good connection and damage. Also, make sure the connectors are tight. Change or repair as necessary.
  • With an automotive scanner, observe the data live and verifies the pressure sensor signal. While driving, you should notice how the pressure rises and falls as the EVAP system holds and purges. If you don't see any changes, the bleed valve may be open or closed.
  • Remove the gas cap, the pressure sensor must fall to atmospheric pressure if it does not or it changes too slowly, the sensor is blocking, to fix it you must change it.

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